Pride envy avarice - these are the sparks have set on fire the souls of man.
Life is a " vale of tears" a period of trial and suffering, an unpleasant but necessary preparation for the afterlife where alone man could expect to enjoy happiness.
A mighty flame follows a tiny spark.
Open thy mind; take in what I explain and keep it there; because to understand is not to know, if thou dost not retain...
Worldly fame is but a breath of wind that blows now this way, and now that, and changes name as it changes direction.
Now our minds are like smoke, then they shall be like fire.
Dante cuts short his excursion and returns to find Virgil mounted on the back of Geryon. Dante joins his Master and they fly down from the great cliff. Their flight carries them from the Hell of the VIOLENT AND THE BESTIAL (The Sins of the Lion) into the Hell of the FRAUDULENT AND MALICIOUS (The Sins of the Leopard).
He tells his reader that writings should be expounded in four senses. The first.